Pregnancy is one of the most challenging yet the most beautiful phase of a woman’s life. It is extremely important to take good care before, during and after pregnancy. Healthier dietary intakes and some lifestyle modifications during pregnancy have positive outcomes for both mother and baby.
The main goal of pregnancy care is to avoid the risks and complications associated with pregnancy and to ensure smooth delivery. However most pregnancies are normal and healthy, but there is still a substantial number of cases where serious complications can happen if women dont undergo prenatal care. Pregnancy care involves regular health checkups, which help in identifying any underlying health conditions of the mother like- diabetes, blood pressure and hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism.
The earlier any particular complication is caught, the more prepared you can be to alleviate the risks, for example, if a woman is diabetic or if diabetes is uncontrolled, then the baby could be larger than the usual babies, which may make vaginal birth harder and can also increase the risk for nerve injuries and other trauma during birth or in some cases it can also lead to stillbirth. The health issues that are detected early in prenatal care are genetic abnormalities, pre-eclampsia, and PCOS. Moreover, your dietary habits also play a significant role during pregnancy.
Before considering any healthcare centre, make sure that you and your baby are in expert hands. Choose Max Health for your pregnancy journey, we provide healthcare providers that are expert in assisting you throughout your pregnancy journey. Some additional benefits that Max Health provides during pregnancy to make it smoother are-
If you are planning for a baby, then consult your healthcare provider to get prepare for a safe and healthy pregnancy. Doctors usually suggest a few tests and check your medical history to understand your current health condition and can plan out a healthy pregnancy. Your healthcare provider will assist you and help you to figure out which steps you might need to take for a healthy pregnancy.
Prenatal Care is comprehensive preventive healthcare for a pregnant woman during her course of pregnancy. Prenatal care is extremely important as it helps in identifying and treating potential health problems early. This helps to prevent complications during pregnancy. Prenatal care is not just regular checkups it includes counselling about various aspects of pregnancy. Prenatal care has played a significant role in reducing the frequency of maternal death, birth defect and lower birth weight. According to World Health Organization, every woman should undergo four antenatal visits to identify and treat problems and give immunizations. However, prenatal care varies from trimester to trimester as the baby grows-
The first trimester of pregnancy
Routine prenatal visit
During your first visit, the doctor will ask about your medical history and suggest a few tests to measure your- blood pressure and sugar level, weight, urine test and blood test etc. It is extremely important to discuss your lifestyle and eating habits with your doctor to avoid any further risks.
Changes in a woman’s body during the first trimester
The first trimester is from week 1 to week 13, it’s just the beginning of the pregnancy thus, women experience several changes physically and mentally during the first trimester.
Personal health measures
Apart from regular checkups, it’s extremely important to take some personal health measures to avoid any risks during pregnancy.
Things to avoid during the first trimester
Here is a list of certain things you must avoid during the first trimester of pregnancy.
The second trimester of pregnancy
Changes in a woman’s body during the second trimester
Things to avoid in the second trimester
Level 2 ultrasounds are usually performed to examine the anatomy of the baby and confirm that baby is developing normally. Doctors check the blood pressure and weight and listen to the baby’s heartbeat. Doctor also checks your baby’s growth by measuring the size of your abdomen.
The third trimester of pregnancy,
The third trimester of pregnancy is quite challenging physically and emotionally.
Changes in a woman’s body during the second trimester
Things to avoid during the third trimester of pregnancy
Foods to eat during your third trimester
Diagnostic tests during pregnancy-
Your healthcare provider may recommend a variety of screening tests and other diagnostic tests to determine certain abnormalities, including certain hereditary or spontaneous genetic disorders-
Two types of ultrasound are performed during pregnancy.
A healthy, balanced diet during pregnancy plays a significant role in supporting the optimal growth and development of the fetus and the physiological changes that occur in the mother.
Fundamental aspects of a healthy balanced diet during pregnancy include consuming foods that contain optimal amounts of energy as well as macro and micronutrients, achieving appropriate weight gain, and avoiding ingestion of harmful substances.
Here are some tips about a healthy pregnancy diet, including what to eat and what not to eat-
Some supplements that you must incorporate into your diet-
Protein- You must incorporate a good amount of protein into your diet during pregnancy. Protein is a building nutrient it helps in building important organs of the baby.
Folate- Folate or folic acid is a vitamin B it helps in preventing birth defects in the baby’s brain and spinal cord, known as neural tube defects. Some rich sources of folic acid are green leafy vegetables, fortified and enriched cereals, bread, peanuts, sunflower seeds, and whole grains.
Calcium– Enrich your food with an adequate amount of calcium it helps in building baby’s bones and teeth. If you dont consume enough calcium, then the minerals will be drawn from the mother’s store in her bone and given to the baby to fulfil the extra demand for calcium during pregnancy.
You must take these precautions to avoid top pregnancy hazards –
During postpartum, a mother undergoes several physical and emotional changes. You need to take extreme care of your body and supplement it with adequate rest, nutrition and sleep.
Some physical changes that you can expect-
Emotional changes you can expect after childbirth
Cravings usually start from the first trimester, peaking during the second trimester and then eventually stop in your third trimester. Pregnancy carvings tend to disappear after the birth of the baby.
According to the FDA, you must avoid these food items during pregnancy
Walking is the best physical activity during pregnancy. However, you can also do cycling, it’s a low-impact aerobic exercise, you can also do pilates to improve your balance and strength. You can also perform yoga for your mental and physical well-being.
Apart from iron and folic acid, doctors usually suggest prenatal vitamins that contain calcium and vitamin D. They help in promoting the development of a baby’s teeth and bones. Some major prenatal vitamins include- vitamin C, vitamin B, vitamin A and vitamin E.
According to the experts, the best sleeping position during pregnancy is to sleep on the side. This position helps in providing the best circulation for you and your baby. However, you must avoid sleeping on your back and your stomach as it can cause low blood pressure and can decrease blood circulation to your heart and your baby.